Recording dreams

Even dreams are not going to be personal!

The moment inside a dinosaur’s mouth! A fall from a cliff! Or becoming a world famous personality! Yes, of course, all of us dream of great things, indeed!  But, do these fun or thrilling moments last long? Alas! Most of us tend to forget it as quickly as we live in those moments. A research was conducted to differentiate high dream and low dream recallers using PET scan and various brain activities were noted. Even in the Lucid dreaming state, people tend to forget their dreams.

One interesting note was that, the great Mathematician Ramanujam used to derive mathematical formulae in his dreams and used to record them in a note near his bed. But still, many of his formulae have not even been proved till date. Dreams have that great power of going deep into your skill sets. To all those dreamers, Japanese scientists have brought up a great technology to record your dreams. Seems like the Avatar film is coming true!

The idea is very simple- whenever our brain thinks of any object, it creates a neural pattern. So these patterns can be connected together by an algorithm to record our dreams. Lets know a little about the recording methods. People were told to put on EEG(electroencephalogram) electrodes and sleep on a fMRI machine. The EEG signal shows whether the subject is dreaming or not. Then the MRI scans the neural patterns and dreams are reconstructed by the algorithm.

Developing the algorithm in a better way can enhance the recording qualities.

– Pandipriya

Sgnl – Make phone calls with your fingertip

Living in a generation where technology plays a major role, one of them seems to be gathering a lot of attention. This technology has been rated #1 by many tech bloggers online. It is none other than Sgnl, a new watch band currently raising funds on Kickstarter. It is a new watch strap that helps you attend calls by transmitting audio through your finger. Simply place your fingertip to your ear, when you speak through the embedded microphone.

With Sgnl, you can keep your cell phone in your pocket and simply raise your hand to answer a phone call. When you place your finger to your ear, your finger not only transmits the sound, but also blocks out background noise. So you can hear clearly even when you are surrounded by loud noises, without worrying about other people listening to your conversation.

Wondering how this is possible?  Well, here’s how it works. Sgnl receives voice signal from your phone through Bluetooth. When the signal is received, Sgnl will generate vibration through its Body Conduction Unit (BCU), which will then transmit the vibration through your hand to your fingertip. As transmission is made through vibrations, there is no risk or harm to the human body. These vibration echoes will amplify sound within the closed space in your ear.

CEO Hyunchul Choi developed Sgnl when heard that his colleague was embarrassed by the fact that everyone around him could hear the conversation, when he made calls using his smart watch and thought that, as the number of smart watch users increases, they will all face the same problem. From there, CEO Choi began to wonder and finally came up with the idea of using one’s finger to transmit sound. He immediately proposed the idea to Samsung’s internal corporate venture department and thus, Sgnl was born.

Furthermore Sgnl guarantees sound without any distortion. This straps help you listen in privacy with excellent quality and removes the worry of having your earphones or picking your phone from another room to answer calls. Sgnl also has an application that allows you to keep track of your calls, activity and your schedule. It alerts you for different tasks with personalizable notification patterns.

Even though it seems like an amazing feature, some reviewers believe that it might be a totally unnecessary feature, and could be used only as a party trick. It would be more useful, if it is an inbuilt feature in a smartphone. With mixed reviews, both good and bad ones, Sgnl has still grossed up a good profit.

First mile to K!18

A few days back, we embarked on our first Battle of Bots journey. You may wonder what is Battle of Bots. It is a Nationwide Robotics Championship, conducted all through the year in various top notch colleges across India. This year, we began our triumph with National Institute of Technology, Karnataka, Surathkal.

On the evening of October 7th, we boarded our calm, cozy Mangalore Express train, which was delayed by 1.5 hours. Fortunately for us, the train was so fast that we caught up the lost time and made it to Mangalore with just a little delay. Bargaining with the auto driver and cab drivers in Tamil when they understood only Kannada took a toll on us too. Mixing up words like “Kal Hona ho” and “Kuch kuch hota hai” wouldn’t bring the rate down to anything lesser than 600 bucks. Subsequently, we decided to take a bus to Surathkal.

On reaching the college, we got the initial requirements ready and were waiting for the participants to arrive until 11 AM, which was when the event was scheduled to start. To our dismay, not a single soul turned up. We were extremely disappointed and started analyzing why there wasn’t any turnout. Only then we realized that there was a hall change from what we had put in our posters and what we got when we actually went to the college. We were extremely exhilarated when we went to the other hall and found 11 teams of students waiting for our event to start. We immediately brought the students to the hall allotted to us, and started the event. We gave an introduction about CEG, Kurukshetra and XCEED, after which the first round commenced. This preliminary pen and paper round finished with three teams qualifying for the second round. In this round, components were provided to the teams and a line tracing obstacle detector bot was the problem statement to be solved. We got a tie in the second round, with two teams completing equal number of turns in the problem statement.

We finally decided the winner based on the time taken by the bot to complete the turns of the track. The event was completed, with merchandise being given to the participants and the venue partner. One eager student, who was a Kannadika guy, doubtfully enquired,  “Are you the juniors of our star Nagarajuna?” We replied with pride, ”Yes. and there are lot more to add to that list”.

The college has its own private beach, which caught our eye. We went there to relax ourselves. Memories were made, watching the slow disappearance of the sun into the golden clouds. We were marveling at the sight of the sunset, after travelling alone and conducting technical events to a diverse set of students, 550 miles away from home. When we look back, it is “CEG” which has transformed us. This moment might not seem appreciable to many, but it’s a great feat for the team with a backing of plenty, back at home, in CEG. Yes, it was a perfect end to our NITK journey.

Travelling truly adds value to our lives, but travelling with a goal adds meaning to our lives. We, the XCEED team of Kurukshetra, have our goal to brand CEG and Kurukshetra throughout India. We feel we have done it in our debut event in NITK and we hope to do so in other colleges all over India by eXceeding expectations. Stay tuned..

–  Team Xceed

Macro economic impact of GST

The 21st century is running in a fast forward mode. There is no time to sit and relax, as everyone is in pursuit of something. One such field where every moment is so unpredictable and we have to work 24/7 to hold on to our position, is the business world.

The business environment comprises various internal and external forces, under which the organizations operate. Dibb et al (2006) categorizes the business environment into macro and micro factors.

A macro environment is the condition that exists in the economy as a whole, rather than in a particular sector or region. In general, the macro environment includes gross domestic product(GDP), inflation, employment, spending, and monetary and fiscal policy.

The performance of the company also depends on the macro environment in which it is operating. In this case environment does not refer to the geographical location of the company, but to the main sector under which the company is operating. For instance, fashion world is the sector under which our modern clothing industries operate.

In our county, the recent hotline of economics is the introduction of GST, the Goods and Services Tax, which is expected to have significant macro-economic implications in terms of growth, inflation, export competitiveness and fiscal balance, in the years ahead. Macro Environment factors cannot be directly controlled by a company and is the collective result of the functioning of the entire economy. Implementation of GST has caused a major confusion and restlessness in the past two months in many business environments.

Drastic changes may or may not have positive effects on the business environment. Even the economists are not sure of the immediate impact of GST and some even say it may impede growth in the short term, as big companies reorganise their businesses and as small firms lose revenue.

As one the confused citizens of our country, I suggest that all business sectors must be alert and have to plan the ethics properly to overcome this mix-up, because we have no time to ponder upon one issue all the time.

– LITTLE SCRIBBLER

The God Particle

You may be wondering what this God particle is all about. It is an elementary particle, one of the types of two fundamental classes of particles, the other being Fermions. The God Particle, basically known as The Higgs Boson particle, comes under the Boson class. It was first suspected to exist in the 1960’s. It was then on July 4,2012, that the ATLAS and CMS experiments at CERN announced a new particle with a mass of 126 GeV. The particle announced by CERN behaved , interacted and decayed as per the prediction for Higgs particles by the Standard Model. It is the first elementary scalar particle discovered in nature, which implies that its spin is zero. This particle is named after Peter Higgs, one of the six physicists who proposed the Higgs Mechanism. The Higgs mechanism explains the generation mechanism of mass for bosons. Without mass, there is no Higgs particle. Two of the physicists, Peter Higgs and Francois Englert were awarded the Nobel Prize in the year 2014 .

The Higgs Boson particle comes under the Standard Model. It explains the properties and forces between elementary particles. The Higgs Mechanism deals with the Higgs Field, Higgs Boson and analogies describing the Higgs Field and Higgs Boson. The Higgs Field is an energy field that is thought to exist everywhere in the universe. It is accompanied by a fundamental particle called Higgs Boson, which the field uses to interact with the particles. The absence of Higgs field implies that the particles would not have the mass required to attract one another. The process of giving mass to a particle is known as Higgs effect .

The existence of Higgs Boson was confirmed by March 2013 .

“That name was a kind of joke, and not a very good one. An author, Leon Lederman, wanted to call it ‘that goddamn particle’ because it was clear it was going to be a tough job finding it experimentally. His editor wouldn’t have that, and he said ‘okay, call it the God particle’, and the editor accepted it. I don’t think he should’ve have done, because it’s so misleading.”

 

A chit-chat with Dr. Srimathy Kesan, Founder of Space Kidz India Organisation

Behind every success is effort, behind every effort is passion, behind
every passion is someone with the courage to try. We found one
such person, Dr. Srimathy Kesan, founder of Space Kidz India, an
organization involved in designing innovative concepts in the field of
space research. The entire team is deeply committed towards
inculcating a passion for space science, in the youth of our country.
KalamSat, the world’s lightest and first ever Femto satellite launched
by NASA, was designed by their lead scientist, Rifath Sharook – the
young boy hailing from Tamil Nadu, who made the entire nation
proud with his marvellous creation.

Dr Srimathy Kesan and her team of scientists were kind enough to
share their words of wisdom, in an interview conducted during the
Valedictory function of Vyuhaa ’17.

1. Your success is a huge source of motivation for us. We are
really curious to know what inspired you to start the Space
Kidz India organisation.
It is my dream and passion to start this. I love children and I wish to
do something for the country as well. And for an able country like
India, if you’re able to impart knowledge and create a platform, it
means everything. We need not be scientists but if we are able to
create scientists, this is my ambition and that’s why I started Space
Kidz.

2.Since you work with kids and train them, could you share some of
your funny experiences/incidents with them?
Everyone has this misconception that, when you’re building
satellites, the kids are going to be a bunch of nerds. But there is a total contrast here. We have a bunch of monkeys. I keep referring to
them as monkeys because they are very intelligent. There is a
synchronisation between aerodynamics and monkeys and that’s
what my kids are! For example we can say that the Kalamsat is a
culmination from a Gulab Jamun. Our lead scientist, being a foodie,
forced me to make Gulab Jamuns and while having those, the idea
struck us and that’s how Gulab Jamun turned into Kalamsat!

3. Which other project posed as a competition to yours, during the
Cubes in Space challenge conducted by NASA?
We generally don’t believe in competition. It is basically our ideas we
give importance to. Predominately what I want to emphasize is what
if these kids can do it, all can do it. It all starts with confidence. In
spite of doing aerospace engineering, people still believe in the
stereotype that if you have to go to space, it costs a lot, it’s huge, it’s
impossible and you probably have to work in a organisation in the
West or have to do higher education. But we wanted to break this
myth. So apart from the competition, we wanted to instil confidence
in every aerospace student that sky is not the limit. You can really
achieve anything!

4. When we went through the technical aspects of Kalamsat, we
came to know that every component was is nanometre scale. So
how challenging was it to design the components in this range?
It was pretty difficult. To identify and to procure components wasn’t
an easy task. 64 grams was a big challenge. The people at Colorado
Spacecraft actually flipped and said, “How can this happen? How can
you bring so many sensors? “. The other universities that
participated had just 2 or 3 sensors, but we being Indians thought,
“Anyway it’s going up, so let’s send all 10 sensors”.

5. One question to the team. How did you face the difficulty of
fitting your project within your budget?
It was definitely challenging. We are a self-funding organisation, so
money was a parameter. Our aim was to make it more economic as
well. So we searched for companies that manufactured sensors at
nanometre scale. But with the constant support from our
ma’am/mom, we made it happen. Moreover, we tried to be unique.

6. Records are usually created so that they can be broken, so some
words of wisdom for those waiting to break yours!
We genuinely want kids to break our records, so that would pose
another challenge to us. And with this pace, India will be number
one. So, the ultimate aim is that, all Indian children should go for it.

At present, Space Kidz India is one of the top five finalists in an
inducement prize space competition organized by XPRIZE and
sponsored by Google, called the Google Lunar XPRIZE, also known as
moon 2.0. As the old saying goes, the only impossible journey is the
one that you never begin. We congratulate Dr Srimathy ma'am and
her team of scientists, for achieving the impossible and wish them all
success in their future endeavours.

GST – Game of Taxes

This is the tax reform that shook the Indian Economy with its timely implementation and terrorized unsuspecting tax evaders. As our ‘King in the North’, quite literally here, Modi ji made sure that the country feels ‘Valar Dohaeris’ with respect to paying your taxes.

All degrading references here are applicable to tax felons and tax felons only.

The reform is simplistic in concept. Minimising the cascading effect of various taxes applied to goods and services and channelling them under a single umbrella, the GST is split into two – The Central GST and State GST. The nullification of indirect taxes such as VAT, Service tax and Luxury is attributed to this scheme wherein the consumption tax is added at the final point instead of all along the way.

A lion does not concern himself with the opinion of the sheep and such sheep, screaming out against the terror of their forthcoming winter, have no option but to accept that they can’t shield themselves behind the Nights Watch anymore. Ensuring a corruption free regime like Tywin would have, to hold his falling fortress; this is yet another transparent and successful strategy devised by our not so Lannister-ish government. They do always pay their debts, yeah. They were a winning power, yeah. But were they utterly fair and impartial? No. They needed a GST sort of unity and transparency.

Apart from all said advantages, the bill also carries along with it a split in manufacturing and service taxes and reduction in costs of several commodities such as television, select automobiles, dinning in and a couple others.

What we have against the transformation is a spike in tuition fees, health care, mobile bills and sadly aerated drinks too.

A major concern was and still is, is the teething problem that a nation as large as Westeros would face.  You cannot guarantee a Tyrion Lannister level of adaptability in every citizen across the sub-continent.

Little finger knew well enough that Chaos was no pit but a ladder and Jon Snow is now slowly learning.

A gentle reminder to those trying to bring our economy down, The great war is here.

This is CEG TechForum wishing the world a Happy Game of Thrones weekend and not to subtly taking pride at the accelerating affluence of our country.